Saturday, February 20, 2016

Bone Cancer



Bone cancer is rare and may arise from cells within or around the bone. These cancer cells arise denovo and multiple aggressively to destroy the bone. The cancer cell may spread through blood circulation to multiple systems like the lung commonly and may spread to other bones and tissues. These tumors grow to a large size and impair the function and may lead to death.

Bone cancer is of different types based on the cell of origin. Bone cancers like Osteosarcoma, Ewings Sarcoma are more common in children between the age of 5 to 20 years. Cancers like Multiple Myeloma, Chondrosarcoma are more common in late adult and old age. Cancers arising from any part of the body like breast, thyroid, lung etc may secondarily spread to the bone and these are called as Secondary (or Metastatic) Bone Cancers.

Patients suffering from Bone cancers may present with persisting pain which is not relieved by rest or pain medication. This may be associated with progressive swelling of the involved part. Tumors which arise from the spine may present with weakness in the hand, foot or even paralysis.

Diagnosis of Bone cancer:
Bone cancers are not easily detected and hence the diagnosis is delayed. As these cancers are rare, the awareness in public as well as the doctors is poor. As early detection is most essential aspect of bone cancer management, it is important for people to consult the concerned doctors at the earliest. Thorough examination and appropriate investigations is essential for making the correct diagnosis. Investigations like Xray, CT scan, MRI scan, Bone scan, PET scan may be needed. Biopsy is a very important investigation which should be performed by the treating surgeon to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment of Bone cancer:
In the past bone cancers where considered to be incurable and procedures like amputation surgery where performed to relieved patients of pain. Various advances have been made in the management of these cancers. High end investigation modalities like MRI scan, PET scan etc have made diagnosis easier. Various limb salvage procedures are now available for upper limb, lower limb and pelvic cancers. Various reconstruction techniques are now available which includes Megaprosthetic replacement, Allo bone graft, Vascularized fibula, Rotationplasty etc. For children with bone cancer, special implants like expandable megaprosthesis are also available.

Patients with metastatic bone cancer, palliative surgeries are performed to relieve them of cancer pain and improve quality of life and function.

Multimodality approach is now recommended which may include chemotherapy, Surgery and Radiotherapy. Chemotherapy helps prevent cancer spread and save lives. Radiotherapy may be used as an adjuvant to surgery.

Prognosis of Bone cancer:

With an advent of newer technology and skills primary bone cancers can be detected early and cured. The cure rates have improved from 25 % to 70 %. Patients who present late with large local disease and metastasis (spread) where cure is not possible, care is directed towards relieving pain and improving function. Quality of life may thus be improved.

16 comments:

  1. Facing cancer can be one of the most significant challenges a person encounters. Dr. Arvind Kumar has a keen interest in helping patients diagnosed with Lung Cancer.

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  2. I was diagnosed with bone cancer, I am 36 year old male which makes this Mine was a high rate. and I have been in hell‎ having pains everyday swelling and rashes in my left leg, and also affected all over my body I have been on a sick bed I almost got disfigured from the bone cancer I've had lot treatment if I would be able to meet up my with life even the Dr's don't no about my pains I was going through. Not on till I was recommended to a herbalist Dr online. last treatment I applied was the natural herbal medicine from Dr galiga herbal centre which finally healed me out from bone cancer, I can easily work and ran with my two legs. My post goes to every patients whom have be diagnosed with cancer. Here is the African herbalist email address i got healed with his natural herbal treatments drgaligaherbalcenter@gmail.com

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  8. i am so glad to write this article today to tell the world how Dr omohan cured my HPV virus that have been in my body since five years ago, ever since then my life has been in complete,i have used so many drugs that was prescribed to me by several doctors,but it didn't cure my HPV VIRUS neither did it reduce the pain, i was checking for solution on the internet then miraculously came across Dr omohan the powerful herbalist that cure HPV INFECTION,then i contacted his email, i explained everything to him and he prepared a herbal cure and send it to me that was how i got cured from HPV disease totally after receiving his herbal medicine, so my friends viewers why waiting and be suffering with this HPV virus when there is someone like Dr omohan that can cure any disease HIV/ CANCER/ HEPATITIS C VIRUS,HERPES VIRUS,ALS VIRUS. you can contact his via: email dromohanherbalmedicine@gmail . com .whatsapp or call +2348164816038

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  14. I was diagnosed of herpes in 2014 and I tried all possible means to get cure but all to no avail until i saw a post in a health forum about a herbal doctor from Africa who prepare herbal medicine to cure all kind of diseases including herpes virus, at first i doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try, when i contact this herbal Dr. onokun and he prepare me the herbs and deliver it to me in my country and used it as prescribed, i was cured permanently of herpes virus within two weeks of usage. Thanks to Dr. Onokun herbal medicine,you can as well contact him via email: dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com or whatsapp +2349064844957

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  16. I’m 22, few week ago I felt some pains and I went to the hospital my doc told me I had hpv about 1 yr and I need to start the treatment early, he gave me some medicine to be taking and I told him no I’ll not, because I hated taking medicine when I won’t not see cure for the purpose. After I got home I started getting worried searching for strong advice and I found valid natural treatment online lot people says they got hpv cure from Dr onokun and I email Dr Onokun 3 days passed, I purchase his cure online some weeks after the process taking his treatment i got cured. I went for checkup twice after taking the natural treatment from the herbalist called Dr onokun and i tested negative. contact him on email: Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com

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