Monday, November 22, 2010
Obesity is a silent killer and has been largely ignored. Excess weight was considered a mark of prosperity in many nations. However, of late, doctors and dieticians are warning people against the harmful effects of being obese and are making them aware of the hazardous impact of obesity.
A few known facts about obesity are given below:
· Fact: Obesity rates are soaring
o Between 1980 and 2000, obesity rates doubled among adults.
o Similarly since 1980, overweight rates have doubled among children and tripled among adolescents – increasing the number of years they are exposed to the health risks of obesity.
· Fact: Obesity is already having an adverse impact on young people
o Type 2 Diabetes – once believed to affect only adults – is now being diagnosed among young people.
o In some communities almost half of the Pediatric Diabetes cases are Type 2, when in the past the total was close to zero.
o Sixty-one percent of overweight 5- to10-year-olds already have at least one risk factor for heart disease, and 26% have two or more risk factors.
· Fact: Unhealthy behaviors, such as physical inactivity and unhealthy diet, cause the obesity epidemic .Despite this knowledge:
o Only about 25% of adults eat the recommended five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.
o Less than 25% of adolescents eat the recommended five or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day.
o More than 50% of adults do not get the recommended amount of physical activity to provide health benefits.
o More than a third of young people do not regularly engage in vigorous physical activity.
· Fact: Obesity-related costs place a huge burden on the economy of Europe and America.
Friday, October 29, 2010
Angioplasty is the most common and also the latest procedure to treat Atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is a condition where a fatty substance called plaque (plak) can build up in your arteries, causing them to harden and narrow. Atherosclerosis can affect any artery in the body. When atherosclerosis affects the coronary arteries, the condition is called coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease.
When the patient is diagnosed with CHD, then doctors recommend Coronary angioplasty, which is a procedure used to open blocked or narrowed coronary (heart) arteries. The procedure improves blood flow to the heart muscle.
The procedure is used to:
· Improve symptoms of CHD, such as angina and shortness of breath. (Angina is chest pain or discomfort.)
· Reduce damage to the heart muscle caused by a heart attack. A heart attack occurs if blood flow through a coronary artery is completely blocked. The blockage usually is due to a blood clot that forms on the surface of plaque.
· Reduce the risk of death in some patients.
The full medical name for the angioplasty is percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.
During the procedure, an angioplasty balloon, which is a medical device, is inserted into a clogged artery and inflated within the artery to clear blockage and allow blood flow. Before angioplasty, bypass surgery was the only option for people with clogged arteries. In bypass surgery, doctors used to open the patient's chest to reroute blood vessels to the heart. Angioplasty is less invasive, as the balloon is inserted through blood vessels and the chest remains closed. Patient recovery time is also faster with angioplasty, than with bypass surgery.
Angioplasty is performed under local anesthesia, so the doctor can ask if the patient feels any pain during the procedure. The surgeon opens the femoral artery at the top of the leg, and passes a catheter threaded on a thin guide wire into the blood vessel. The catheter, which is a tubular medical device, is about 3 ft (91 cm) long. The surgeon feeds the catheter through the blood vessels into the coronary artery. The catheter releases dye, so its precise position can be seen on a fluoroscope, which is an instrument used for observing the internal structure by means of X -ray. When the first catheter is in place at the clogged artery, the surgeon feeds a smaller, balloon-tipped catheter through it, then inflates the balloon for a few seconds. It reaches a diameter of about an eighth of an inch (0.3 cm). If the patient does not feel any pain, then the doctor proceeds to inflate the balloon for a full minute. This clears the arterial blockage, and then the catheters are removed. The patient is treated with prescription drugs to thin the blood and prevent clots, and should recover from the operation within weeks.
What Types of Interventional Procedures Are Used in Angioplasty?
There are several types of interventional procedures that doctor use when performing angioplasty. These include:
· Balloon Angioplasty: A specially designed catheter with a small balloon tip is guided to the point of narrowing in the artery.
· Stent: A stent is a small metal mesh tube that acts as a scaffold to provide support inside your coronary artery. A balloon catheter, placed over a guide wire, is used to insert the stent into the narrowed coronary artery.
· Rotoblation: A special catheter, with an acorn-shaped, diamond-coated tip, is guided to your coronary artery where it spins around at a high speed and grinds away the plaque on your artery walls.
· Atherectomy: The catheter used in this procedure has a hollow cylinder on the tip with an open window on one side and a balloon on the other. When the catheter is inserted into the narrowed artery, the balloon is inflated, pushing the window against the fatty matter.
· Cutting Balloon: The cutting balloon catheter has a special balloon tip with small blades. When the balloon is inflated, the blades are activated. The small blades score the plaque and then the balloon compresses the fatty matter into the artery wall.
Tuesday, October 26, 2010
Cholesterol is a fat-like substance in the body. It may be produced in the body or obtained from the diet. Cholesterol is necessary for production of hormones and cell membranes. Two types of lipoproteins transport cholesterol around the body. High density lipoproteins, also known as HDL, or "good" cholesterol, remove excess cholesterol from the blood and return it to the liver to be metabolized. Low density lipoproteins, also referred to as LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, carry cholesterol throughout the body, allowing excess amounts to build up on artery walls. Thus, a diet high in “bad” cholesterol diet boosts the odds of clogged blood vessels, resulting in restricted blood flow and boosting the odds of heart attack or stroke.
Simple lifestyle modifications, such as losing weight and regular exercise, may help improve cholesterol levels. Limiting daily fat intake to no more than 30 percent, with saturated fat intake limited to 7 percent of daily total calories, can help control blood cholesterol levels. A high fiber diet may be lower in fat and is associated with lower cholesterol levels. Moderate exercise for 30 minutes every day can help control cholesterol to a great extent. Medications may be prescribed when diet and exercise don't work.
Monday, October 11, 2010
We're talking the big three -- cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar -- plus, two more you should probably know: homocysteine and C-reactive protein. Consider these numbers a stock ticker for your ticker. They tell you how you're doing, and when you need to do more. When you have them measured, make sure your doctor also tells you what your goal levels should be and what you can do to get there. Getting more active, losing weight, and making smart food choices can help get these numbers in a healthy range.
Cholesterol is a fatty, waxy substance found in foods, and produced by our liver. It is used to protect nerves, construct cell tissues, and make certain hormones. Cholesterol is a very important substance, and is needed in small quantities for the body to function correctly. In high quantities, however, it can have an adverse effect on our health.
Your cholesterol level is measured in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL) - there three measures - one for HDL cholesterol, which is the 'good' kind of cholesterol, one for LDL cholesterol, which is the 'bad' kind, and one for your triglyceride level. Your optimal cholesterol levels will vary depending on your height, weight, gender, age, blood pressure, and a number of other hereditary and lifestyle factors - including whether or not you smoke.
Blood Pressure :
The following classification of blood pressure applies to adults aged 18 and older. It is based on the average of seated BP readings that were properly measured during 2 or more office visits.
Note : These Numbers are considered to be on an average basis of the world population and can vary vastly depending on your location, age, sex and many other factors. Please consult your doctors to be exact on your blood pressure advice.
Classification of blood pressure for adults
S=systolic, D= diastolic, all units in mmHg
Hypotension S < 90 and D< 60
Normal S= 90 – 120 and D= 60 – 80
Prehypertension S =121 – 139 or D= 81 – 89
Stage 1 Hypertension S= 140 – 159 or D= 90 – 99
Stage 2 Hypertension S ≥ 160 or D ≥ 100
Blood sugar: Normal glucose levels fall between 70 and 150 mg. Levels typically are lower in the morning, and rise after meals. Blood sugar levels falling consistently above 150 are indicative of hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar. Chronic low levels, falling below 70, characterize hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar.
Thursday, September 30, 2010
A healthy diet is the first step in lowering cholesterol. Food rich in vegetables, rich in fiber and nuts, complex carbohydrates including roots, tubers, lentils and legumes, low fat diary products are good for the heart.
- Avoid fried foods. They are high in fat and will worsen cholesterol levels. For a healthy heart, one needs to limit all types of fat - saturated, polysaturated, trans-fatty acids and monounsaturated to no more than 30% of the total body calories. High fat foods should be balanced with low fat choices so that the daily intake of calories is well balanced. Limit saturated fat to no more than 10% of total calories.
- Avoid concentrated sources of organ meats, egg yolks and whole milk products.
- One can choose lean cuts of red meat, chicken and turkey; eggs without yolk, fish baked or broiled, skim milk, whole grain cereals, beans, pasta, potatoes and cereals.
- One needs to limit the intake of fatty cuts of red meat, fried chicken, egg yolk, shrimp and other shell fish, whole milk, cream, ice cream, cream cheese, French fries, cream causes and avocado and coconut, butter, hydrogenated fat and ghee, sweets, doughnuts and pies surely don’t find place in healthy heart recipes.
- Some studies reveal that nuts, if consumed in moderation (1.5 ounces) everyday as part of low saturated fat and cholesterol diet help reduce LDL cholesterol.
- Foods with soluble fiber can be consumed. These include oat bran, oatmeal, peas, rice bran, barley, citrus fruits, strawberries and apple pulp. Beans and lentils are rich in fiber and proteins and they also help reduce LDL cholesterol levels.
- Certain kinds of fish contain high amounts of omega 3 fatty acids. These are fatty fishes like salmon, mackerel, herring and tuna. Omega 3 fatty acids help lower the level of triglycerides.
- Soy compounds contain isoflavones which act like human hormones that regulate cholesterol levels. Therefore eating soy products can help protect against heart disease.
- Intake of food high in antioxidant vitamins may help prevent cholesterol from damaging the lining of the arteries. These include Vitamin C and E and the carotenoids such as beta carotene.
- Alcohol should be consumed in moderation. Alcohol consumption should be limited up to two small drinks or two glasses of beer or wine.
Eat smart and healthy to keep your heart in good shape!
Sunday, September 26, 2010
More than 80% of heart diseases such as heart attack and strokes are preventable. Healthy diet, regular physical activity and not using tobacco products are the keys to prevention.
Eat a healthy diet: A balanced diet is crucial to a healthy heart and circulation system. This should include plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meat, fish and pulses, and restricted salt, sugar and fat intake.
Take regular physical activity: Atleast 30 minutes of regular physical activities everyday helps to maintain cardiovascular fitness; atleast 60 minutes on most days helps to maintain healthy weight.
Avoid Tobacco use: Tobacco in every form is very harmful to health – cigarettes, cigars, pipes, or chewable tobacco. Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke is also dangerous. The risk of heart attack and stroke starts to drop immediately after a person stops using tobacco products, and can drop as much as half after one year.
Know your Blood Pressure: High Blood Pressure usually has no symptoms but can cause a sudden stroke or heart attack. Have your Blood Pressure checked periodically.
Know your Blood Sugar: Raised Blood Glucose (Diabetes) increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. If you have Diabetes, it is very important to control your Blood Pressure and Blood Sugar to minimize the risk.
Know your Blood Lipids: Raised Blood Cholesterol increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Blood Cholesterol needs to be controlled through a healthy diet and if necessary, by appropriate medications.
Global Hospitals on the occasion of the Heart Day is running the Essential Heart Check Programme from 26 September 2010 till 31 October 2010. We encourage you to take an Essential Heart Check, which includes ECG, Lipid Profile, FBS and Cardiologist Consultation at never before price of Rs. 295/- (valid till 31 October 2010).
For more suggestions and steps on how to have a Healthy Heart follow us on Facebook and Twitter.
Thursday, September 16, 2010
To inspire hope and contribute to health and well-being by providing the best care to every patient through integrated clinical practice, education and research.
The needs of the patient come first.
Practice medicine as an integrated team of compassionate, multi-disciplinary physicians, scientists and allied health professionals who are focused on the needs of patients from our communities, regions, the nation and the world.
Educate physicians, scientists and allied health professionals and be a dependable source of health information for our patients and the public.
Conduct basic and clinical research programs to improve patient care and to benefit society.
Treat everyone in our diverse community with respect and dignity.
Commitment to quality
Continuously improve all processes that support patient care, education and research.
Foster teamwork, personal responsibility, integrity, innovation, trust and communication within the context of a physician-led institution.
Benefit humanity through patient care, education and research. Support the communities in which we live and work. Serve appropriately patients in difficult financial circumstances.
Allocate resources within the context of a system rather than its individual entities. Operate in a manner intended not to create wealth but to provide a financial return sufficient for present and future needs.
Commitment to community
Meeting patient needs is Global Hospitals’ primary value. They believe that serving patient needs is best accomplished within healthy, welcoming and thriving communities.
Global Hospitals partners with many others to sustain and enhance the communities where its employees live and work to help ensure that:
- Children flourish and grow in good schools
- Visitors and new residents are warmly welcomed
- Workers are well trained and educated to meet the demands of the future
- Everyone has opportunities to live healthfully, learn, work and thrive.
Wednesday, September 15, 2010
Global Hospitals is India's leading and the fastest growing multi super specialty care and multi-organ transplantation hospital. Pioneers in performing transplantation surgeries, Global Hospitals has to its credit many trailblazing achievements made possible by combining research, teaching and patient care. We at Global Hospitals constantly strive for quality and innovation. To us, it is more than a goal. It is a way of life. While advanced technology and modern facilities are crucial to the delivery of high quality medical care, it is our doctors, nurses and technicians who make Global Hospitals a place of highly specialized expertise. The group’s success lies in the strong foundation values laid by its founders that serve as a source of inspiration for everyone who is connected to the venture, to continue working selflessly for the society.
Our mission to revolutionize healthcare in India, has inspired us to deliver the highest standards of medical services to patients across India with high-quality, affordable, 360-degree health care. Global Hospitals is a name that kindles trust and faith among millions of Indians. Highly respected and recommended for its multi super specialty services, it is fast emerging as one of the most trusted names in Indian healthcare today. Internationally reputed doctors and cutting-edge technologies come together to provide medical care that is at par with the best in the world. With a record of independently conducting path breaking surgeries such as the first Heart Transplant, first Bone Marrow Transplant and first Twin Kidney Transplant in Andhra Pradesh, the Group has given a new lease of life to many battling with end-stage diseases. Led by a highly renowned team of specialists and visionaries, Global Hospitals strives to make its expertise affordable by all segments of the society. Yes, more to life, is exactly what Global Hospitals achieves every day.
Through rare surgeries and new therapies Global Hospitals has saved lives and given hope to millions.
· First Split-Liver Transplant in India
· First Auxiliary Liver Transplant in India
· First hospital in South Asia to perform Nucleus Replacement in Spine
· First hospital to offer free Liver Transplantation for children in India
· Largest Cadaver Liver Transplant Programme in India
· Largest Multi-organ Transplant Centre in India
· Largest Minimal Access Surgery/Bariatric Surgery Programme
· Foremost hospital to do stem-cell transplantation in Spine/Cardiology/Neurology
· First Bone Marrow Transplant in the State of AP
· First Heart Transplant in the State of AP
· First Twin Kidney Transplant in the State of AP
· First Split Liver Transplant in the State of Tamil Nadu
· First corporate hospital to be recognized by Govt. of India, for Research and Development
· Associated with King's College Hospital, United Kingdom in Liver Transplantations
India's largest Multi-Organ Transplant Programme
Global Hospitals is the first to launch a comprehensive multi-organ transplant centre in India. Since its inception in 2002, Global Hospitals has become one of the leading institutes to do Liver, Kidney, Heart & Bone Marrow Transplantations in India with a success rate of over 90%, that’s comparable to any transplant centre in the world. World renowned Liver Surgeon Prof. Mohammed Rela, leads the Global Hospitals’ Liver Transplant team. With the country’s largest Liver Transplant team, Global Hospitals Group has the distinction of having undertaken the largest number of cadaver Liver Transplants in the country. Global Hospitals was the first to perform a Heart Transplant in South India. The surgical team led by Dr. AGK Gokhale, Chief Cardio- Thoracic & Transplant Surgeon, has immense experience in the treatment of cardio-vascular disorders. Global Hospitals has also marked its foot prints in the field of Kidney Transplantation. Global Hospitals has performed over 100 kidney transplants with a success rate of more than 90%. Global Hospitals has a dedicated Bone Marrow Transplant team consisting of Onco Surgeons and well-equipped Bone Marrow Transplant unit. It is one of the first hospitals in South India to perform Bone Marrow Transplant and is considered as one of the major centres for the treatment of Oncological disorders in India.